Friday, April 8, 2011

High intensity exercises reduce CVD risk factors better than aerobic activities in adolescent youth (study)

This article examines the effects of brief, intense exercise in comparison with traditional endurance exercise on both novel and traditional markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in youth.

Buchan, D., Ollis, S., Young, J., Thomas, N., Cooper, S., Tong, T., Nie, J., Malina, R., & Baker, J. (2011). The effects of time and intensity of exercise on novel and established markers of CVD in adolescent youth American Journal of Human Biology DOI: 10.1002/ajhb.21166

We've know for a while the importance of high-intensity exercises and how it can be used to develop fitness levels. Even though the periods (durations) may be shorter than typical aerobic activities, the benefits are usually longer lasting and the improvements to cardiovascular health are more significant.

Exergaming Points to Ponder (P2P)
Which exergames have the potential to illicit short but intense bouts of exercise?  These are some that come to mind, what have I missed?
  1. EyeToy Kinetic (PS2)
  2. Microsoft Kinect [UPDATED 4/15/2011 - Adventures - Rallyball, Reflex Ridge and Space Pop]
  3. Wii Sports Boxing
  4. Trazer 2
  5. Lightspace Wall or Floor
  6. XaviX J-Mat (10 second step test)
  7. Makoto
Objectives:
This article examines the effects of brief, intense exercise in comparison with traditional endurance exercise on both novel and traditional markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in youth.

Methods:
Forty seven boys and ten girls (16.4 ± 0.7 years of age) were divided into a moderate (MOD), high intensity (HIT), or a control group. The MOD group (12 boys, 4 girls) and HIT group (15 boys, 2 girls) performed three weekly exercise sessions over 7 weeks. Each session consisted of either four to six repeats of maximal sprint running within a 20 m area with 20–30 s recovery (HIT) or 20 min continuous running within a 20 m area at ∼70% maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max).

Results:
Total exercise time commitment over the intervention was 420 min (MOD) and 63 min (HIT). Training volume was 85% lower for the HIT group. Total estimated energy expenditure was ∼907.2 kcal (HIT) and ∼4410 kcal (MOD). Significant improvements (P ≤ 0.05) were found in systolic blood pressure, aerobic fitness, and body mass index (BMI) postintervention (HIT). In the MOD group, significant (P ≤ 0.05) improvements were noted in aerobic fitness, percentage body fat (%BF), BMI, fibrinogen (Fg), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, and insulin concentrations.

Conclusions:
These findings demonstrate that brief, intense exercise is a time efficient means for improving CVD risk factors in adolescents

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